艾未未的馬桶

一位愛好搜奇獵異的丹麥好友告訴我,北京為奧運花了40億人民幣建的「鳥巢」,是有關設計師因父親曾被中國政府下放勞動去掃廁所,所以就把「鳥巢」的外型設計成馬桶的模樣,以雪心頭之恨。查「鳥巢」有三位設計師,除了瑞士建築家赫爾佐格(Jacques Herzog)和德梅隆(Pierre de Meuron)之外,就是艾未未。

艾未未是目前在中國最反對中國極權統治的知識分子,更高調公開杯葛奧運開幕典禮,稱「這個社會主義制度下的人民共和國,建國近六十個春秋後,仍然沒有結束專制統治,沒有實現全民民主選舉……讓我們告別以任何形式任何理由的專制,因為無論是甚麼理由,其結果是踐踏平等」。中國政府當然不會僱用他,只是負責這工程的瑞士公司請他幫手。

艾未未的父親就是大名鼎鼎的詩人艾青。艾青在1957年被打成右派,在被流放到新疆的日子,他被迫每天打掃大量廁所,過著備受羞辱的牛馬生活。艾未未就在1957年誕生,據艾青妻士高瑛回憶:「艾青給孩子起名未未,是因為『現實太殘酷了,叫他愛未來去』。」艾未未其後在採訪中說:「我也知道他(父親)忍受了很多痛苦,他必須清掃所有的廁所,經常挨鬥。」他也很欣賞父親的作為,說「我後來看他的詩的時候,是很喜歡的。他的那種樸素的感情,那種正義感,對災難和不幸的同情都打動我。」

艾未未也沒有隱瞞他也意識到「鳥巢」像個馬桶,他接受英國衛報Jonathan Watts訪問時說“Design in itself has a meaning for me. Whether a stadium or a toilet seat, the form is interesting, as are the human activities that relate to it…”(「設計本身對我有一份意義,不管是一個體育場或是一個馬桶,形式都是有趣的,因為它們都和人類活動聯繫在一起。」)從這種種旁證看來,「鳥巢」的確很有可能是以那段不堪回首的往事為背景,刻意以馬桶為造型。若是的話,這真是盪氣迴腸,可歌可泣的一筆,是一部偉大小說或電影的好題材,這總算是對40億民脂民膏的一個交代。

(摘自鍾祖康《中国,你憑甚麼?》,頁167-169,人文化出版社二00九年七月)

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6 則回應給 艾未未的馬桶

  1. kempton 說:

    有機會的話可以看看Christoph Schaub拍的紀錄片,“Bird’s Nest: Herzog & de Meuron in China”。

    我之前在我的bl士blog寫,

    “As I was telling Christoph at the end of my interview with him, I think he and his co-director Michael Schindhelm have done a great job in giving us an insightful look of how the architects work, the building of the Bird’s Nest through the eyes of Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron with the assistant of the “cultural interpreters” Ai Weiwei and Uli Sigg plus many other people. For those like me, who are not only fascinated by final products but also by the processes, this film gives that extra special insight.

    If you were awed by the beauty of the Bird’s Nest like me, I highly recommend you watching this film to see for yourself."

  2. kempton 說:

    Thanks for giving me an excuse to watch the documentary again.🙂

    As I watch the film, I think I can safely say the thesis proposed in your blog entry here, while interesting, is mostly mis-guided (and wrong). The two Swiss architects with the help from Weiwei and Uli, et al have done a lot of research for the forms, etc. So while the idea of 馬桶 is cute, it is also wrong.

    Incidentally, what Ai Weiwei is currently doing to expose the incompetence in the various government officials and Weiwei’s investigation of the deaths of school children in the Sichuan earthquake is deeply admirable.

    Ai Weiwei, Nursing Head Wound, Sharpens China Criticism: Review
    http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601088&sid=ac5W2eD3vmD4

  3. 小土豆 說:

    一連數天看到有關艾未未的文章和作品.
    近日因倡議河蟹宴的未未因被當局軟禁而無法參加盛宴, 實是可惜. 當局的草木皆兵心態亦暴露無遺. 寫了小詩一首

    《闻艾先生获释然未能及时赴宴, 惜之》

    滬江河蟹宴 未未未能嘗 民煮為前菜 自油作熱湯
    獨材誠可恥 公異不能忘 集結和平號 各人應自強

    (注: 公"異". 一是諧音, 亦指艾先生的異見身份, 餘者略同)

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